Have you ever wondered, what are the qualities that make them stand from the crowd? You may frame a picture of someone who never gets out of control, no matter what the problem is, or you may remind someone who listens to his/her team, always careful, or makes informed decisions. However, these are the qualities of emotional intelligence. 

Along with this, there are several other components, you should know about emotional intelligence that can add a trait to your leadership. Before that, you must understand “what is emotional intelligence?’

Define the term ‘emotional intelligence

Emotional intelligence or EI is expressed as the ability to know, understand, and manage your as well as other people’s emotion. People having a high level of emotional intelligence know what other’s emotions mean, what they feel, how they feel, and the ways in which other’s emotions affect people. 

Daniel Goleman, the American psychologist who assisted in popularizing emotional intelligence. However, the major five elements of emotional intelligence are:

  • Self-regulation
  • Self-awareness
  • Empathy
  • Motivation
  • Social skills

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Being a leader, it is important to manage all of these areas. Therefore, let’s have a look at these areas in detail. 

Key Components of Emotional Intelligence

1. Self-Awareness

Self-awareness is one of the most important skills in emotional intelligence. Beyond this, it is about being aware of how your action, emotion, and mood affect others. Thus, to become self-aware, you are required to be capable of observing your emotions, recognizing emotional reactions, etc. 

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These individuals are talented in knowing their own strengths and weaknesses. Also, they are open to gain new experiences and information and learn from others. Daniel Goleman says that people with self-awareness are confident and aware of how people perceive them. 

2. Self-Regulations

Apart from self-awareness, emotional intelligence needs to modulate and carry off your emotions. It is quite different from hiding your true feelings. It simply means looking for the right time and perfect place to express themselves. However, self-regulation can be termed as expressing your emotions.

Thus, people with self-regulation skills take care to adapt and be flexible in adopting changes. Also, they are best in diffusing tense and managing conflict situations. Daniel Goleman suggests that people with strong self-regulation skills are thoughtful and take responsibility.

3. Social Skills

Apart from the above two aspects of emotional intelligence, a good leader should have social skills. This skill allows people in developing meaningful relationships with other people. Also, it helps in building a stronger understanding between them and others.

Emotional understanding is more than understanding your own emotions and others. Apart from this, you may also need to implement information to work while communicating and interacting with others.

When it comes to professional settings, managers are benefited by developing strong connections and relationships with employees. Similarly, workers are benefited from building a strong rapport with co-workers and leaders. Few social skills include verbal communication skills, active listening, leadership, nonverbal communication skills, and persuasiveness.

4. Empathy

Empathy is also termed as the ability to understand the ways in which others feel. It plays a crucial role in emotional intelligence. It is involved with how you respond to others depending on the information. For instance, if someone feels hopeless or sad, how do you respond? A good leader will try to buoy their spirits or he/she may treat such people with extra care. 

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Empathy in leadership permits recognizing the power dynamics which mainly determine social relationships. The competent of such area can easily sense who possesses power in different relationships and understand the ways in which these forces influence behaviors and feelings. 

5. Motivation

If you are leadership or volunteer for a community, then you might be well-motivated by several factors. For example – Extrinsic motivation, Incentive motivation, Power motivation, Fear motivation, Competence motivation, Affiliation motivation, etc. Apart from this, a leader sets a competent goal in this area and always looks for the best ways to do better. 

These were the few key components of emotional intelligence required in leadership. We hope that the blog is helpful for you. 

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