After working all day long, it’s time to get some sleep. You lay on the bed but can’t stop shifting from one side to another, unable to fall asleep. This can be the sign of you suffering from some kind of sleep disorder. Sleep is a crucial activity of the day. A sound sleep is like a system reboot; it helps your body and brain function properly. Maintaining balanced hormone levels is essential, and good sleep has a role in sustaining these levels. Sleep disorders can affect your productivity and can impose negative health impacts. The reason for this issue can be an unhealthy lifestyle, diseases, or stress. So, keep in mind that sleep deprivation is awful for your brain. Whatsoever be the reason for the problem, it needs to be tackled before it gets worse

Types Of Sleep Disorders

There are five most common types of sleep disorders that can be the possible cause of your sleep issues. Let’s discuss each one of them in detail: 

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which a person’s breathing patterns are disrupted during sleep. This leads to sleep interruptions because the person cannot breathe during their sleep. The cause of the problem as stated by Mitchelle Morgan, HealthCannal Writer is an excess body weight. The severe condition of the disorder, if not taken care of, can lead to some critical issues like heart attack and high blood pressure. There are three conditions of sleep apnea.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea: This happens because of the blockage of the air passage due to the collapsing of the soft tissue present at the back of the throat. This usually occurs during sleep and is one of the most common among the three conditions of sleep apnea. Loud snoring, fatigue, headache, choking, and restlessness are some of the known symptoms of the problem.
  • Central Sleep Apnea: In this condition, the brain fails to send signals for breathing. The main reason for trouble here is not an airway blockage, but it occurs due to the central nervous system.
  • Complex Sleep Apnea: When a person has both the conditions- Obstructive and central sleep apnea, it is known as complex sleep apnea. 
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Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless leg syndrome is an unpleasant sensation that creates an urge to shake legs to get relief, especially during sleep. The sensation may happen while lying on the bed, sitting somewhere for a long time. It could feel like something crawling over your calf muscles, accompanied by tingling, aching, and burning sensation. You may find some relief if you stay active or while you stretch or walk. This feeling makes it harder for the person to fall asleep because it’s too uncomfortable. The problem is not age-bind and can happen to anyone, but keeps on getting worse with age. 

REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder

This is a serious condition in which a person unknowingly acts out their dream. They may move around and act dramatically during their sleep. People suffering from this condition usually lack the state of paralysis that happens during the REM hour of sleep. This is disturbing and dangerous to the people around. Sleep walking, talking, and screaming are some of the symptoms of REM sleep behavior disorder.

Insomnia

Even a full day of exhaustion cannot get you to sleep, no matter how badly you need rest. If the problem is recurrent, then you might have insomnia. The person suffering from this disorder finds it hard to sleep. There are two conditions to this problem:

  • Chronic Insomnia: It lasts longer and can repeat for over a month or more. It can happen either due to changes in certain brain chemicals or stress conditions.
  • Acute Insomnia: It lasts for a shorter time. The reason can be some stressful situations. It can last for one day or can even stretch to more than three weeks. 
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Narcolepsy

A disorder with no cure. It happens when the person feels daytime sleepiness all day long, and it’s not under their control. This can disrupt a person’s schedule, affecting his daily life. The sleep attacks are severe and can happen at any moment, without the person knowing. It hinders alertness, focus, and they may even get temporary sleep paralysis causing an inability to speak or move upon waking. Staying awake becomes the most difficult task for people with narcolepsy. Rapid eye movement is faster during this condition. 

Conclusion

Sleep disorders are a problematic issue because it distributes the quality of life. The problem needs attention and proper treatment before it turns worse. There are five most common types of sleep disorders, and they occur mostly due to an unhealthy lifestyle. No matter how busy your life is, sleep has to be a part of it. If you have any sleep disorders, consult your doctor. Create a comfortable environment with less noise, get exercise, and medications that can improve the symptoms of this problem.

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